journal article

Multi-adaptive spatial discretization of bond-based peridynamics


Peridynamic (PD) models are commonly implemented by exploiting a particle-based method referred to as standard scheme. Compared to numerical methods based on classical theories (e.g., the finite element method), PD models using the meshfree standard scheme are typically computationally more expensive mainly for two reasons. First, the nonlocal nature of PD requires advanced quadrature schemes. Second, non-uniform discretizations of the standard scheme are inaccurate and thus typically avoided. Hence, very fine uniform discretizations are applied in the whole domain even in cases where a fine resolution is per se required only in a small part of it (e.g., close to discontinuities and interfaces). In the present study, a new framework is devised to enhance the computational performance of PD models substantially. It applies the standard scheme only to localized regions where discontinuities and interfaces emerge, and a less demanding quadrature scheme to the rest of the domain. Moreover, it uses a multi-grid approach with a fine grid spacing only in critical regions. Because these regions are identified dynamically over time, our framework is referred to as multi-adaptive. The performance of the proposed approach is examined by means of two real-world problems, the Kalthoff–Winkler experiment and the bio-degradation of a magnesium-based bone implant screw. It is demonstrated that our novel framework can vastly reduce the computational cost (for given accuracy requirements) compared to a simple application of the standard scheme.
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