Experimental and computational studies on the formation of mixed amide-hydride solid solutions for CsNH2–CsH system


In this study, experimental determination and computational prediction are combined to investigate the formation of a mixed amide-hydride solid solution for the CsNH2–CsH system in a wide compositional range. The experimentally obtained results strongly indicate that a complete amide-hydride solid solution Cs(NH2)xH1-x with a stable cubic structure is achievable when the molar fraction of amide (x) is lower than 0.9. These results validate and confirm our data computationally via first-principles calculations, including the simulations of infrared (IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra for structures of various compositions as well as the determination of the dipolar coupling constants. Both the computed vibrational frequencies and 1H chemical shifts of CsNH2 and CsH moieties in the Cs(NH2)xH1-x (x = 0.2, 0.5, 0.8, 1) solid solution structures agree with the experimental IR and 1H MAS NMR data of the mixed xCsNH2+(1-x)CsH samples, confirming the formation of the solid solutions. The closest interproton distance in the homogeneous Cs(NH2)0·5H0.5 solid solution is computed to be 3.67 Å, which is larger than that of the known Rb(NH2)0·5H0.5 solid solution (3.29 Å). This work's combination of theoretical research and experimentation provides a suitable framework for the structural analysis and property estimation of other M-N-H solid solutions.
QR Code: Link to publication