AbstractPhase-segregated multiblock copolymers (MBC) as well as covalently crosslinked multiphase polymer networks, which are composed of crystallizable oligo(ε-caprolactone) (OCL) and oligo(ω-pentadecalactone) (OPDL) segments have been recently introduced as degradable polymer systems exhibiting various memory effects. Both types of copolyesterurethane networks can be synthesized via co-condensation of the respective hydroxytelechelic oligomers and 2, 2(4), 4-trimethyl-hexamethylene diisocyanate (TMDI) as aliphatic linker.
In this work the dual-shape properties as well as the temperature-memory capability of thermoplastics and covalently crosslinked copolyesterurethanes containing OCL and OPDL domains are explored. Both copolyesterurethane networks exhibited excellent dual-shape properties with high shape fixity ratiosRf ≥ 93% and shape recovery ratios in the range of 92% to 100% determined in the 2nd and 3rd test cycle, whereby the dual-shape performance was substantially improved when covalent crosslinks are present in the copolymer.
A pronounced temperature-memory effect was achieved for thermoplastic as well as crosslinked copolyesterurethanes. Hereby, the switching temperatureTsw could be adjusted via the variation of the applied deformation temperatureTdeform in the range from 32 °C to 53 °C for MBC and in the range from 29 °C to 78 °C for multiphase polymer networks.