AbstractBy now, several threats of humanmade climate change are becoming clear. This is supported by a wealth of available information from the climate services community, on changes in temperature, rainfall, and extreme weather that are projected for the future. What this means for the performance of existing and planned infrastructure, or the increasing chance of shut down of operations, cannot be easily understood from such climate outlooks alone. Only by coupling climate information with non-climatic information, one can begin to understand the vulnerabilities. The assessment of such vulnerabilities and risks in turn is a starting point for considering potential response measures.