Texture development and dislocation activities in Mg-Nd and Mg-Ca alloy sheets


Texture modification during sheet rolling appears differently in binary Mg-RE (rare-earth) or Mgsingle bondCa alloy, compared to their ternary counterparts containing Zn. The differences in texture development and the active deformation mechanisms under tensile loading were investigated in the binary alloys. These analyses are based on in-situ synchrotron experiments and electron backscatter diffraction measurements to reveal direct experimental evidence of the texture development and the active deformation mechanisms. Higher activations of nonbasal  and pyramidal  dislocations were found in the Nd or Ca containing Mg alloys, compared to the Mgsingle bondZn alloy. The texture development shows an obvious feature, which is a broadening of the basal pole intensity distribution perpendicular to the loading direction and a strengthening of the pole at the loading direction in all examined sheets. This texture development relates to the higher activation of prismatic  slip. The addition of Zn in the Mg-RE or Mgsingle bondCa alloys further promotes the activation of nonbasal  and pyramidal  dislocations. This enhanced prismatic  slip in the Zn containing ternary alloys is confirmed by EBSD misorientation analysis.
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