AbstractCurrently hydrological models are not generally coupled to coastal and regional ocean models because, even if regarded as a powerful and useful tool, they do not fully accomplish to estimate accurately the right volume of water reaching the coastal zone for many reasons including water management activities such as human consumption, irrigation, etc. For this reason, many coastal and ocean models continue to use river climatologies as boundary conditions for representing such an active boundary. Furthermore, continuous salinity observations in the coastal area are scarce and sensors are highly unreliable while current Earth Observation (EO) products for salinity poorly represents the coastal gradients.
In this presentation, the current state-of-the-art and the results of the LAMBDA Project (λ) (LAnd-Marine Boundary Development and Analysis) will be shown. The main aim of the project was to demonstrate an improvement in the thermohaline circulation in coastal areas by a better characterisation of the land-marine boundary conditions, with special regard to the salinity fields. The LAMBDA project analysed the opportunity of improving the land-marine boundary conditions by exploring the capacities of state-of-the-art hydrologic models. In order to achieve those objectives, the project strategy used an integrated approach that went from watershed models to validation in the coastal area by fit-for-purpose EO products, developed by SMOS, and passing through methods and proxies for integrating the freshwater flows into regional mesoscale grids. The watershed and estuarine proxies were modelled using the MOHID Water modelling system (http://www.mohid.com/) an open source model capable of simulating a wide range of processes, i.e. hydrodynamics, transport, water quality, oil spills, in surface water bodies (oceans, coastal areas, estuaries and reservoirs).