Phasin interactome reveals the interplay of PhaF with the polyhydroxyalkanoate transcriptional regulatory protein PhaD in Pseudomonas putida


Phasin PhaF, a multifunctional protein associated with the surface of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) granules that also interacts with the nucleoid, contributes significantly to PHA biogenesis in pseudomonads. As a protein present on the surface of PHA granules, PhaF participates in granule stabilization and segregation, whereas its deletion has a notable impact on overall transcriptome, PHA accumulation and cell physiology, suggesting more extensive functions besides solely being a granule structural protein. Here, we followed a systematic approach to detect potential interactions of PhaF with other components of the cell, which could pinpoint unexplored functions of PhaF in the regulation of PHA production. We determined the PhaF interactome in Pseudomonas putida KT2440 via pull‐down‐mass spectrometry (PD‐MS) experiments. PhaF complexed with PHA‐related proteins, phasin PhaI and the transcriptional regulator PhaD, interactions that were verified to be direct using in vivo two‐hybrid analysis. The determination of the PHA granule proteome showed that PhaI and three other potential PhaF interacting partners, but not PhaD, were granule‐associated proteins. Analysis of the interaction of PhaF and PhaD with the phaI promoter by EMSA suggested a new role for PhaF in interacting with PhaD and raises new questions on the regulatory system controlling pha gene expression.
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