Numerical residual strength prediction of stationary shoulder friction stir welding structures


The residual strength of a structure made of dissimilar Aluminium panels joined by a stationary shoulder friction stir welding (SSFSW) process is predicted by numerical simulation using finite elements including cohesive elements for crack propagation. The yield strength and strain hardening parameters within the stirred zone and adjacent thermo-mechanically affected and heat affected zones are derived from a tensile specimen cut out from the panel perpendicular to the weld seam. The identification is conducted by a hybrid numerical/experimental procedure with an inverse search by help of digital image correlation in order to obtain the strain field at the welded surface and to compare them to the numerical calculation. The crack propagation parameters are retrieved from specimens with crack in the stir zone and heat affected zone on either side. After this identification procedure, the fracture behaviour of a coupon specimen with a crack crossing the weld is predicted.
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