Improved Calculation of Nonlinear Near-Bed Wave Orbital Velocity in Shallow Water: Validation against Laboratory and Field Data


A new parameterization for calculating the nonlinear near-bed wave orbital velocity in the shallow water was presented. The equations proposed by Isobe and Horikawa (1982) were modified in order to achieve more accurate predictions of the peak orbital velocities. Based on field data from Egmond Beach in the Netherlands, the correction coefficient and maximum skewness were determined as functions of the Ursell number. The obtained equations were validated against measurements from Egmond Beach, and with laboratory data from small-scale wave flume experiments at Delft University of Technology and from large-scale wave flume experiments at Delft Hydraulics. Inter-comparisons with other previously developed parameterizations were also carried out. The model simulations by the present study were in good agreement with the measurements and have been improved compared to the previous ones. For Egmond Beach, the root-mean-square errors for the peak onshore (uc) and offshore (ut) orbital velocities were approximately 21%. The relative biases were small, approximately 0.013 for uc and −0.068 for ut. The coefficient of determination was in the range between 0.64 and 0.68. For laboratory experiments, the root-mean-square errors in a range of 7.2%–24% for uc, and 7.9%–15% for ut.
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