Predictive topography impact model for Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) of metal surfaces


Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is a method capable of modifying the microstructure of metal surfaces. Here, we present a predictive computer supported model of the roughness generated on the surface by this process. EDM is a stochastic process, in which charge generated between a metallic substrate and an electrode creates impacts, and thus is suitable for modeling through iterative simulations. The resulting virtual, modified surface structures were evaluated for roughness. Curvatures were analyzed using Abbott-Firestone curves. Three radii of impacts (10, 20, 30 μm) and two values for the depth to radius ratio (0.1, 0.3) were used as input parameters to compute a total of six simulations. It was found that the roughness parameters followed an inverse exponential trend as a function of impact number, and that the strongly concave curvatures reached equilibrium at an earlier impact number for lower depth to radius ratios.
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