Concomitant mitral-regurgitation (MR) is frequently observed in patients undergoing trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The predictive value of MR etiology remains to be elucidated.
600 patients with coincidental MR (≥moderate) undergoing TAVI were categorized according to a modified Carpentier classification [Groups: no/mild MR, n = 477; left atrial (LA) functional MR, n = 18; MR due to left ventricular dilatation, n = 29; degenerative MR, n = 50; MR with restricted leaflet motion n = 26]. MR improvement and patient outcome was compared among the groups in a retrospective analysis.
MR regression was most pronounced in patients with restricted leaflet motion after 6 months, although a significant improvement was observed in all subgroups. MR relief was predominantly observed within the first 30 days after TAVI. Only patients with restricted leaflet motion experienced further improvement thereafter.
In the entire cohort a total of 15 strokes (2.5%) during the first 30 days after TAVI were observed, with the highest incidence in the LA functional cohort (3 events, 17%; p = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, organic etiology was associated with an increased 1-year mortality.
In conclusion, despite significant MR regression in all MR groups, some individuals may require additional mitralvalve repair after TAVI. According to our data the timing of these procedures should be based on the underlying MR etiology. The Carpentier classification in patients with coincidental MR undergoing TAVI for severe AS may also have prognostic implications as we found an increased incidence of strokes in our LA functional cohort and a worse mortality rates in organic MR.