Parameter development and characterization of laser metal deposited high-temperature Ti alloy powders


Powder-based laser metal deposition (LMD) of Ti alloys enables the manufacturing of geometrical complex structures with tailored properties for high-temperature applications. The most important parameters for the LMD-process are the laser power, process velocity, laser focus position, gas flow and powder feed rate. Compared to the predominantly used Ti-6Al-4V, Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo shows a higher oxidation resistance and a lower creep rate. For determining suitable process conditions, a parameter study using Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo powder is performed. Subsequent, the parameter transfer to a γ-TiAl alloy is examined. The assessment of the dissimilar-LMD-structures is conducted by visual inspection, radiography inspection, microstructural analysis and hardness measurements.
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