Overcoming drug resistance with on-demand charged thermoresponsive dendritic nanogels


To develop nanogels (NG) able to modulate the encapsulation and release of drugs, in order to circumvent drug resistance mechanisms in cancer cells. Materials & methods: Poly-Nisopropylacrylamide– dendritic polyglycerol NG were semi-interpenetrated with 2-acrylamido-2- methylpropane sulfonic acid or (2-dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate. Physico-chemical properties of the NGs as well as doxorubicin (DOXO) loading and release were characterized. Drug delivery performance was investigated in vitro and in vivo in a multidrug-resistant tumor model. Results: Both the DOXO loaded semi-interpenetrating polymer network NGs were more efficient in multidrug resistant cancer cell proliferation inhibition studies. In vivo, the DOXO loaded NG semiinterpenetrated with 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid was able to overcome drug resistance and reduce the tumor volume to about 25%. Conclusion: The innovative semiinterpenetrating polymer network NGs appear to be promising drug carriers for drug resistant cancer therapy.
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