Milling time effect of Reactive Hydride Composites of NaF-NaH-MgB2 investigated by in situ powder diffraction


Light metal complex borohydrides have high hydrogen storage capacities but suffer from drawbacks of slow hydrogen sorption kinetics, poor reversibility and high thermodynamic stability. The NaF + 9NaH + 5MgB2 composite has a theoretical hydrogen capacity of 7.7 wt% H assuming the formation of 10NaBH3.9F0.1 + 5MgH2. Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation properties as well as the effect of different ball milling times have been investigated. The in situ hydrogenation is faster in the composite ball milled for 87 h than the 5 h milled composite. A boron-rich phase with space group Pa-3, a = 7.4124(5) Å was formed during hydrogenation at 325 °C and 50 bar hydrogen for both short and long milling times. In the long milled composite the boron-rich phase disappeared after 3 h of hydrogenation, whereas it became a major phase in the short milled composite after 1.5 h of hydrogenation. NaBH4 was formed at 206 °C. NaMgH1-xFx was formed at 290 °C instead of the assumed MgH2. The same phases formed at 268 °C and 325 °C, respectively, and only in minor amounts in the short milled composite. Ex situ hydrogenation in a Sieverts' type apparatus at the same temperature and hydrogen pressure conditions followed a different reaction pathway with formation of MgH2 in addition to NaBH4 and NaMgH3-xFx (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). The measured hydrogen uptake was 6.0 and 6.3 wt% for the long and short milled composites, respectively.
QR Code: Link to publication