Microstructure and interface characterization of dissimilar friction stir welded lap joints between Ti–6Al–4V and AISI 304


The feasibility of dissimilar friction stir welding (FSW) in overlap configuration between Ti–6Al–4V alloy (Ti64) and AISI 304 austenitic stainless steels (304SS) was investigated. Sound joints were achieved when placing titanium as the upper workpiece. Joints were successfully produced by employing a welding speed of 1 mm/s and rotational speeds of 300 and 500 rpm. A lamellar microstructure was formed in the stir zone of Ti64, where grain size was found to increase with increasing rotational speed, and austenitic equiaxed grains were obtained near the interface of 304SS coupon. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) of the interface revealed a thin intermixed region and suggested intermetallic compound formation. Microhardness data in the titanium weld zone for both rotational speeds exhibited slightly lower values than the base material, with the lowest values in the heat affected zone, whereas the microhardness values in the stainless steel side around the weld center were found to be higher than those obtained for the base material.
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