Influence of the blood exposure time in dynamic hemocompatibility testing on coagulation and C5a activation


Within the hemocompatibility testing portfolio of medical devices a range of dynamic models were established in recent years. In contrast to the static hemocompatibility testing method the dynamic models allow considering the impact of hemorheological and hemodynamic blood characteristics on the hemocompatibility of medical devices. Unfortunately the EN DIN ISO 10993-4 for the biological evaluation of medical devices for interaction with blood gives no hints towards the period of time during which the medical devices should be exposed to the blood in these tests. To examine whether different exposure times impact the comparability of hemocompatibility test results low density polyethylene (LD-PE) tubes and nitinol stents were tested exemplarily in a closed loop model for changes of the fibrinogen content, the prothrombin time, the thrombin time, and the C5a activity after 30 and 90 min exposure to the blood. Low density polyethylene was used as negative control because it is one of the European reference materials for hemocompatibility testing. After 90 min blood exposure to the LD-PE tubing and the nitinol stents the prothrombin time was significantly longer and the fibrinogen content significantly lower (p < 0.05) than after 30 min. In contrast the thrombin time and the C5a were comparable after 30 and 90 min blood exposure time. These results might recommend to an initial 30 min exposure time, which is followed by a 90 min exposure time in cases of unclear results.
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