Mixture of Nonionic/Ionic Surfactants for the Formulation of Nanostructured Lipid Carriers: Effects on Physical Properties
AbstractThe objective of the present work was to investigate the effects of the mixture of nonionic/ionic surfactants on nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs). Nonionic surfactant (polyethylene–poly(propylene glycol), Pluronic F68) and ionic surfactant (octenylsuccinic acid modified gum arabic, GA-OSA) were chosen as emulsifier for NLCs. The NLCs systems, which were composed of lipid matrix, modified 4-dedimethylaminosancycline (CMT-8), and various emulsifier agents, were characterized with dynamic light scattering (DLS), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), in vitro release, and phagocytosis assay. This mixture of nonionic/ionic surfactants showed significant effects on physical properties including particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), entrapment efficiency, and particle morphology. Compared with single stabilizer, this mixed nonionic/ionic surfactant system provided NLCs with better drug carrier properties including prolonged release profile and low phagocytosis by phagocyte. We expect that these explorations can provide a new strategy for the development of lipid nanoparticles as drug delivery.