Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Mg Alloy Sheet Formability


The current paper explores experimentally and numerically obtained mechanical responses of the Nakazima-type sheet forming for the magnesium alloys ZE10 and AZ31 at elevated temperature (200°C). The results from the experiments revealed sufficient ductility allowing sheet forming processes at the prescribed test temperature. The material's anisotropy recorded in previous experiments was confirmed. Differences in the mechanical response between the two materials in terms of strain paths during the forming experiments were quantified. The corresponding numerical responses were obtained employing a suitable constitutive model taking into account the characteristic anisotropy in deformation. In addition, for predicting limit conditions of the forming process, the localization criterion by Marciniak and Kuczynski was adopted. The constitutive model together with the localization criterion was implemented in a finite element framework based on a fully implicit time integration scheme. The reasonably good agreement between the responses of the model and the respective experiments indicated the predictive capabilities of the implemented model for the considered magnesium alloys.
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