AbstractIn the present study, friction spot welding has been used for joining dissimilar AA5754 aluminum to AZ31 magnesium alloys. To get more insight into the microstructure, stop-action experimentation was employed. The welding cycle was forced to stop during the dwell time, and subsequently, the weld was quenched by pouring a mixed solution of ice and water to freeze the microstructure. Formation of the liquid phase leading to a formation of brittle intermetallic compound has been studied. Microstructural analyses reveal that formation of intercalated layers and a high density of grain boundaries induced by plastic deformation enhance the formation of eutectic structure during the welding process.