AbstractThe control of phase transition behavior in liquid crystalline polymers could enable potential application in the field of actuators and sensors by enabling a higher actuator performance of liquid crystalline elastomers (LCE). In this context the phase transition behavior of siloxane based liquid crystalline copolymers synthesized from 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane, 2-methyl-1,4-bis[4-(4-pentenyloxy)benzoyl]hydroquinone (M-MeHq), and 2-tert-butyl-1,4-bis[4-(4-pentenyloxy)benzoyl]hydroquinone (M-tBHq) was explored. The selected monomers provided different thermal stabilities of the nematic phase, while the non-flexible siloxane spacer suppressed a smectic phase. The mesogenic properties were studied by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarizing optical microscopy (POM), and wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). With increasing fraction of M-MeHq the nematic phase of the copolymer was stabilized and a tailoring of relatively low TNI was achieved.