Electrospinning of solvent-resistant nanofibers based on poly(acrylonitrile-co-glycidyl methacrylate)
AbstractThis article reports on the preparation of novel solvent-resistant nanofibers by electrospinning of poly(acrylonitrile-co-glycidyl methacrylate) (PANGMA) and subsequent chemical crosslinking. PANGMA nanofibers with diameters ranging from 200 to 600 nm were generated by electrospinning different solutions of PANGMA dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide. Different additives were added to reduce the fiber diameter and improve the morphology of the nanofibers. The as-spun PANGMA nanofibers were crosslinked with 27 wt % aqueous ammonia solution at 50°C for 3 h to gain the solvent resistance. Swelling tests indicated that the crosslinked nanofibers swelled in several solvents but were not dissolved. The weight loss of all the crosslinked nanofibrous mats immersed in solvents for more than 72 h was very low. The characterization by electron microscopy revealed that the nanofibrous mats maintained their structure. This was also confirmed by the results of the pore size measurements. These novel nanofibers are considered to have a great potential as supports for the immobilization of homogeneous catalysts and enzymes.