Uniformly Gold Nanoparticles Derived from P2VP-b-PCHMA Block Copolymer Templates with Different Reduction Methods


The micellization of poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block-poly(cyclohexyl methacrylate) (P2VP-b-PCHMA) in THF can be induced by the complexation between the P2VP blocks and HAuCl4, forming composite polymeric micelles with PCHMA being the shell and P2VP/HAuCl4 complex being the core. In order to obtain regular arrays of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs), monolayer of HAuCl4-loaded surface micelles have been produced by spin-coating the micellar solution, and Au NPs in different size have been obtained by oxygen plasma with different reduction processes. In addition, pyrole (PY) has been used as an efficient reducing agent to fabricate dispersed Au NPs within micellar structure in a short reducing time, resulting in a raspberry-like morphology of the Au-polymer composites. With the addition of annealing processes or longer reducing time (one month), different shapes of Au NPs have been observed in the cast films. Furthermore, core-shell nanostructures of gold-polypyrole (Au-PPY) have also been observed by employing vapor phase polymerization of PY onto HAuCl4-loaded polymeric solution-cast films.
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