Sorption and desorption properties of a CaH2/MgB2/CaF2 reactive hydride composite as potential hydrogen storage material


The hydrogenation behavior of 3CaH2+4MgB2+CaF2 composite was studied by manometric measurements, powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry and attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy. The maximum observed quantity of hydrogen loaded in the composite was 7.0 wt%. X-ray diffraction showed the formation of Ca(BH4)2 and MgH2 after hydrogenation. The activation energy for the dehydrogenation reaction was evaluated by DSC measurements and turns out to be 162±15 kJ mol−1 H2. This value decreases due to cycling to 116±5 kJ mol−1 H2 for the third dehydrogenation step. A decrease of ca. 25–50 °C in dehydrogenation temperature was observed with cycling. Due to its high capacity and reversibility, this composite is a promising candidate as a potential hydrogen storage material.
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