AbstractHCP metals such as magnesium are characterized by a strong interplay between dislocation slip and deformation-induced twinning. These micromechanical processes result in a complex macroscopic behavior. More precisely, in addition to classical isotropic and kinematic hardening, the shape of the macroscopic yield function changes during deformation as well. This effect which is frequently referred to as distortional hardening is particularly pronounced in case of non-radial loading paths typical for most forming processes. Consequently, a physically sound distortional hardening is of utmost importance for several technically relevant applications. In the present contribution, three different of such enhanced hardening models are critically analyzed. Focus is on the modeling of magnesium.