AbstractPermanent mold casting is a well-established route for casting large magnesium alloys components. Casting parameters like superheat, mold temperature, and holding time can often result in inhomogeneous properties, porosity, and segregation problems in the cast part. In order to
optimize the casting process, control of the casting parameters including mold temperatures and holding times is essential to promote directional solidification, and ensure defect free homogenous structure. Binary Mg-9wt.%Al and Mg-10wt.%Gd alloys were used to investigate the effect of
casting parameters such as melt temperature and holding time on the part macro and microstructure.