Improving interfacial properties of a laser beam welded dissimilar joint of aluminium AA6056 and titanium Ti6Al4V for aeronautical applications


Dissimilar welds of aluminium alloy AA6056 and titanium alloy Ti6Al4V were produced by a novel technique. AA6056 sheet was machined at one end to a U-slot shape, enabling the intake of the Ti6Al4V sheet. The Al-alloy U-slot was then butt welded by split laser beam without using a filling wire, thus making a weld by melting only the Al-alloy. Thereby the intermetallic brittle phase TiAl3 formed at the weld interface and affected mechanical properties. As a continuation of the previous work, the joint design was modified by chamfering Ti6Al4V to reduce the formation of interfacial TiAl3. It is shown in this work how this seemingly insignificant joint modification has refined microstructure and increased hardness and strength. The most impressive feature was the improved resistance to fatigue crack propagation whereby the fracture type in the fusion zone of AA6056 adjacent to the weld interface changed from partially intercrystalline to completely transcrystalline. Possible metallurgical processes leading to the property improvements are discussed.
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