AbstractWe investigate the mechanism of microdomain orientation in concentrated block copolymer solutions exposed to a dc electric field by in situ synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). As a model system, we use concentrated solutions of a lamellar polystyrene-b-polyisoprene block copolymer in toluene.Wefind that both the microscopic mechanism of reorientation and the kinetics of the process strongly depend on the initial degree of order in the system. In a highly ordered lamellar system with the lamellae being aligned perpendicular to the electric field vector, only nucleation and growth of domains is possible as a pathway to reorientation and the process proceeds rather slowly. In less ordered samples, grain rotation
becomes possible as an alternative pathway, and the process proceeds considerably faster. The interpretation of our finding is strongly corroborated by dynamic self-consistent field simulations.